Isn’t first-year university way too early to be thinking about a career? As a matter of fact, there are certain things you can do, even in your first year, that will give you a significant edge later on—and some of those things, such as planning an exchange or finding a mentor, are even fun. So, without further ado, read on to learn our ten essential career tips for first-year university students.
It could be that you’ve entered a general degree, such as a Bachelor of Science, and must, therefore, prepare to confront difficult questions about your future majors: will you pursue physics or chemistry, biology or mathematics? Alternatively, you may have entered into a degree with a more specific focus, such as a Bachelor of Laws, in which case you’ll eventually need to think about the various specialisations available within that field, from commercial law to community legal work.
Either way, there’s no particular rush to know the answers to such questions with any degree of certainty: your first year is a time to try out different things (and, in many cases, the courses you complete will be part of a mandatory curriculum over which you have little control until later on in your degree). However, it’s still important that you pay close attention to, and respect the validity of your feelings towards different options. You can always change what you’re focus is later on, so why not start with what you’re enthusiastic about and switch if that doesn’t work out? If this all sounds too vague, or you’re not sure where to start, here are some things to consider during your first year:
What if I don’t yet know what I’m passionate about?
The idea that you should do what you love permeates modern working culture, so much so that it can come as a disappointing shock to realise that you don’t really know what moves you. But take heart: several influential careers counsellors have convincingly advanced the case that the pursuit of ‘passion’ for your work is misguided, and may lead you, not towards fulfilment, but further away from it.
For example, in his book So Good They Can’t Ignore You, the Georgetown University academic Cal Newport draws on recent research in psychology to argue that career satisfaction results primarily from the mastery of ‘rare and valuable skills’. The development and execution of such skills, he writes, is inherently fulfilling and leads also to greater career opportunities and autonomy.
Of course, if you’re absolutely certain that you want to be the next President of the International Criminal Court, then go for it: choose every course available in international law, intern at a war crimes tribunal, master French, and so on, following your passion as far as you can ‘when you become better at what you do, not only do you get the sense of accomplishment that comes from being good, but you’re typically also rewarded with more control over your responsibilities.’
However, if passion eludes you, then Cal Newport’s advice offers an alternative approach: ignore passion and pursue mastery instead. Passion will follow.
Soft skills (also known as ‘employability skills’) are skills that are not specific to any one industry or organization. Though long considered secondary to more industry-specific skills, recognition of the importance of soft skills, for both individuals and the organisations that employ them, has grown considerably. For example, when the World Economic Forum published its 2016 report on the 16 skills every student needs, ten of them were soft skills: critical thinking/problem solving, creativity, communication, collaboration, curiosity, initiative, persistence/grit, adaptability, leadership, and social and cultural awareness.
According to a 2017 report by Deloitte Access Economics (‘Soft skills for business success’), ‘soft skill-intensive occupations will account for two-thirds of all Australian jobs by 2030, compared to half of all jobs in 2000’. However, ‘a quarter of entry-level employers report difficulty filling vacancies because applicants lack soft skills’.
Here then is a straightforward way to distinguish yourself as a graduate, and you can lay the foundations even as a first-year by choosing to actively develop your soft skills. Every class, or group assignment, or presentation, or club activity offers an opportunity to develop a target attribute (such as teamwork or communication) while giving you something you can use as an example later on when employers ask you for evidence of your soft skills. It could just be the thing that gets your application over the line.
Clubs and societies are two of the best things about university, running the gamut from sports teams to social groups united by shared interests in everything from debating to Pokemon Go. More than anything else, clubs and societies can be a whole lot of fun, providing an opportunity to make friends, pick up new hobbies, and get involved in university life. However, they can also give you an edge when you pursue a graduate career later on. For example, involvement in a club or society readily identifies you as a well-rounded team player with the time management skills necessary to balance your academic obligations with your personal interests.
Clubs and societies also provide a fun way to start building a professional network, with many groups (such as the Young Lawyers Society or the Engineering Students Association) bringing together students who share a vocational pursuit. Finally, by seeking election to an executive role for a club or society, you can hone your leadership skills and also make it easier to show future employers that you possess both ambition and initiative.
Most major graduate employers offer internships and vacation work to students in their penultimate (usually third or fourth) year. However, it can be helpful to do some research even as a first year: you may discover work experience opportunities with smaller employers, or, at the very least, gain a better sense of the skills, marks, or experiences you’ll need to make a competitive internship application later on in your degree. A good place to start when researching internships is the search tool on the GradAustralia website. Alternatively, you can check with your university’s careers service to see if they can recommend any local opportunities for first-year students from your field of study.
It can be hard to develop a one-on-one relationship with your lecturers or tutors, especially when you’re just one student among many. However, these teachers can be an invaluable resource, providing feedback about any specific concerns you have about their course, helping to clarify academic goals, and, very often, able to supply career advice that’s specific to their discipline (and yours). Importantly, they’re the people who, if you know them well enough, can help you launch your graduate career by providing a credible reference that cuts through the noise by giving you an endorsement that counts. They can also become (or connect you with) a mentor: somebody who is willing to play an active, ongoing role in helping you to establish your career.
So: find out when your lecturer or tutor’s office hours are (they’re usually listed in the course syllabus) and then take advantage of them! The chances are very high that their network is more extensive than yours, so you’ve got little to lose, and much to gain, from making an effort to join that network. If nothing else, you’ll give yourself the opportunity to explore complex ideas in the company of somebody who can guide you towards new insights and a deeper understanding of what you’re studying—which is, ultimately, what university is all about.
The benefits of participating in an international exchange program are numerous: you’ll get to experience a new culture, make friends abroad, develop your independence and initiative, demonstrate the ability to cope with change (something employers value greatly), and expose yourself to new ways of learning within a new setting and among new peers. An exchange can also lead to unforeseen research and career opportunities, both while abroad (you never know what connections you might make!), and later on, when, as a graduate, your exchange could be the very thing that distinguishes you from other candidates in the eyes of an employer.
Importantly, exchanges in the second year (for one or two semesters) are not uncommon, so you’ve got nothing to lose by starting your research early. Most universities have an office dedicated to their international exchange programs and staff members there will be able to help you identify suitable exchange opportunities and prepare a competitive application.
As a first-year student, this tip might sound like a bit of a joke: a budget for what? Mi goreng rations? Yes, being a student can be tough, but it’s also a good time to build positive habits that will serve you well when you start a career later on. Whether you move straight into a well-salaried graduate role or spend some time working odd jobs while you figure out what to do, life after university (and especially the aspect of that life which involves repaying any student debts) will force you to rely on prudent personal finance skills.
While personal finance skills are occasionally taught through campus careers centres or counselling services (it’s worth checking to see if any such courses are available at your university), they tend to be excluded from ordinary courses. So make it your own mission to develop a budget, put in place some positive finance habits, and stick to them tenaciously.
There are many