While it's not impossible, often it's luck whether you move up or not
Many promotions are down to timing. They are often done through bulk recruitment rounds which are advertised both internally and externally. Because they are done in bulk, there many only be opportunities once every two years for apply for a promotion. However, many areas give staff the opportunity to acquire experience through acting arrangements, where they temporarily act at a higher level. The key to being promoted is being able to demonstrate you are already performing at the next level, and making a good impression on your managers so they can champion you.
Very good in national office, not so much in states/territories
I am not really sure but I know that it is easier in some areas of the department compared to others and sometimes you need to move outside of the department to move up a level.
If I were intending to work in policy long-term, there are sufficient opportunities to be promoted quite quickly. I suspect the jump from APS6 to EL1 would take more time, though.
It is dependent on line area.
I am unsure as I have always been promoted via entry level programs. I am finally in a position after 4 years that I am an acting APS4 and finally feel as though I am being paid for the quality and amount of work that I do.
Progression is merit-based and it is quite easy to climb the ranks at lower levels.
It is fairly easy to move to the top of the APS band in my department. For former graduates, this can happen over the space of a year or two. It is more difficult to become an executive level employee but graduates have a head-start. It's important to get management experience to move up.
I'm unsure, but this seems to vastly vary depending on the individual and the opportunities they choose for themselves.
From entry level to mid level, it is relatively easy to move up the ranks. However, at the managerial level, moving up or securing managerial roles can be very difficult.
Grads receive an automatic promotion at the end of the program. I've heard it's fairly easy to move up APS levels in a fairly short space of time.
Easy to gain 'acting' experience but difficult to secure a permanent promotion.
Depends on the area you are in, but generally it appears that there are often many opportunities to 'act up' in the department.
It really depends on the area you are in and the budget as well as your performance. Often people move areas because there are slim promotion prospects in some areas. There are formal bulk-promotion rounds that employees can apply for and there are other informal ways to negotiate promotions.
Depends on your work output and the current budget in the area at the time. However over time, promotions are likely if you are a good worker.