When it comes to Australia’s three east-coast capital cities, Brisbane often gets overlooked by visitors, who choose instead to spend their time in Melbourne or Sydney. Their loss, it turns out: Brisbane, as you’ll learn in the guide, is a vibrant, friendly, and fast-growing city with a pulsing arts and culture scene, an enviable position near the Sunshine Coast, and a healthy job market for ambitious grads across most industries.
With two million residents, Brisbane is Australia’s third most populous city and sits just next to a picturesque bend in the Brisbane River. Boasting excellent food, extensive parklands, and a motto that captures the city’s charmingly laidback attitude (Meliora Sequimur: “We aim for the best”), Brisbane offers graduates a way to escape the rat-race of Australia’s larger capitals without sacrificing access to modern infrastructure, international career opportunities, and big-name entertainment. This guide will cover everything you need to land on your feet in Brisbane, the capital city of a state whose official aquatic emblem is the clownfish.
Brisbane has a subtropical climate that is warm and wet for most of the year. As we’ll see below, this can lead to dramatic summer weather, with high temperatures, thunderstorms, and a sudden influx of tourists. In fact, many would say that Brisbane’s climate is most appealing in winter when cold crisp mornings give way to mild days with low humidity and temperatures of 11–21°C. In June, the sun rises at 6.30 am and sets around 5 pm: you can watch it over the misty Brisbane River on your way to work, and again on the way home. Brisbanites agree: it’s a sight that never gets old.
Perhaps you don’t like mangoes, or bananas, or peaches, nectarines, passionfruit, pineapples, and papaya. Suit yourself. But if you’re a sensible person and agree that tropical fruits are the best fruits of all, then Brisbane’s almost year-round supply of fresh and affordable produce will convince you never to leave (and perhaps also to purchase a Nutribullet). You can stock up at the Brisbane Markets and then go home to feast (and maybe send some food pics to your jealous friends in Sydney and Melbourne).
Brisbane has countless bars, from swanky riverside wine specialists to casual rooftop bars and live music venues. Your night-time options also include comedy clubs, outdoor cinemas, sports games (of course), river cruises, ghost tours, and even the Wheel of Brisbane, a ferris wheel in South Bank that rises 60m into the sky. We’ll have more later on about the various ways you can spend a pleasant evening in Brisbane: for now, suffice it to say that you won’t be short on options.
Melbourne and Sydney have earned themselves reputations as cosmopolitan population hubs for people who can keep up with (or learn to endure) a certain degree of rushiness. People there are busy, want you to know that they’re busy, and may even wonder why you don’t seem busy too. Not so in Brisbane: it’s got an altogether more relaxed vibe, with people getting things done but not making a whole lot of noise about it. In other words, it’s a great place to go if you’d like to escape the rat-race without sacrificing all the conveniences that living in a major city can offer.
From the Suncorp Stadium to the Brisbane Cricket Ground (which it’s best to refer to as ‘the Gabba’ unless you want to signal that you’re a new arrival), Brisbane is dotted with evidence of the enthusiasm its residents have for sports of all kinds. The most popular sport in Brisbane is rugby union, with large crowds, are drawn also to games of cricket, football (soccer), Australian rules football, and basketball. Major events include the Brisbane International(tennis), the State of Origin series (rugby union), and the Ashes (cricket).
Brisbane’s subtropical climate offers year-round warm to hot temperatures. This is good news in winter (Brisbane has never recorded a temperature lower than 2°C), but can be unpleasant during the summer months. From December to February, temperatures can reach as high as 40-45°C (107°F), with average maximum daytime temperatures of 31-33°C (88-91°F). Humidity levels are also high during summer, leading to frequent thunderstorms often accompanied by hail and strong gusts of wind.
Needless to say, if you’re new to Brisbane, you should make a habit of wearing a hat and hydrating regularly during the hot months. Sunscreen is also essential: Brisbane has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world.
The public transport network in Brisbane is administered by TransLink, a state government agency that coordinates bus, ferry and rail services. It also oversees the use of ‘go card’, an electronic smartcard ticketing system valid across Queensland (including the light rail network in the Gold Coast).
Over the past few years, new data has reinforced certain criticisms of the transport system, such that it’s inefficient and overpriced. For example, a 2017 study found that Brisbane residents spend an average of 68 minutes per day commuting, with 43% changing public transport types at least once. A more recent report confirmed that Brisbane is, indeed, the most expensive city in Australia for public transport users.
To be fair, TransLink has responded to the criticisms, introducing a renewed pricing structure, and modifying timetables to reduce travel times during the rush hour. It remains to be seen whether or not this is enough to win over the public transport system’s detractors.
If you’re not sure what a cane toad is (or looks like), then you definitely should not click this link. Or this one. Or… this one. Here’s what you need to know: cane toads are the world’s biggest toads, and were introduced to Australia in 1935 because they had been seen (in Puerto Rico) feasting up a certain type of beetle that threatened Queensland’s important sugarcane crops. However, as it turned out, the cane toad, which has poison glands and reproduces via thousands of toxic tadpoles, is not a fussy eater:
'Cane toads mostly eat insects but will consume whatever else they can fit into their mouth including spiders, snails, small frogs, other cane toads, reptiles and mammals. Unlike native frogs, toads also eat inanimate items including pet food, cigarette butts and animal excreta.'
This indiscriminate diet, coupled with an absence of natural predators (all of which die upon eating cane toads), has led the number of cane toads in Queensland to increase exponentially: some estimates put the figure at around 1.5 billion. Will you see them in Brisbane? Yes, it’s inevitable. Can anything good be said about cane toads? Well, there are also plenty of mosquitoes in Brisbane during the summer months (including some that carry Dengue fever), and, as mentioned above, cane toads will eat practically anything…
If you’re moving to Brisbane, it’s important to be sensible and safe when interacting with wild animals, especially bats, which are the primary transmitters of Australian bat lyssavirus (or ABLV, a disease in the same family as rabies), as well as Hendra virus, Nipah virus, and Menangle virus.
If you believe you may have been exposed to ABLV (i.e. because you’ve been scratched or bitten by a wild bat), don’t panic: instead, refer to the information on this page. Prompt post-exposure vaccinations will prevent the development of ABLV symptoms.
Note that no risk is associated with living, playing or walking near bat roosting areas. Furthermore, it should be emphasised that ABLV is a very rare disease thought to be carried by fewer than one per cent of wild bats (the figure rises to seven percent if the bat is injured or visibly ill).
For many years, Brisbane has been seen as an affordable alternative to Sydney and Melbourne for both renters and would-be homeowners. Across Brisbane, the median weekly asking rent in the first quarter of 2018 was $400 per week for a house and $375 per week for a unit.
A May 2018 report by SGS Economics and Planning found that rental costs in most suburbs of Greater Brisbane remained at an acceptable level, with an average household spending about 25 percent of its income on housing (generally, ‘rental stress’ is said to occur when rent consumes more than 33 percent of one’s income).
However, rental properties within Brisbane’s inner suburbs are still unaffordable, especially for single-income tenants hoping to sign a lease (instead of entering a sharehouse). According to a 2018 report by Compass Housing, ‘the median rent for a basic two-bedroom apartment in one of Brisbane’s inner suburbs is $480 per week. To pay that without experiencing housing stress requires an income of at least $1600 per week, which puts it beyond the reach of a typical teacher, accountant, journalist, veterinarian or IT professional’.
Brisbane has one of the highest proportions of renters in Australia, with the number of individuals living in rental properties expected to hit 2.1 million within the next decade. Experts fear that this will increase rental costs faster than incomes can keep up. Indeed, this already appears to be happening: between 2006 and 2016, reports the ABS, Brisbane median rents increased by 61 per cent, while incomes increased by only 40.5 per cent. As a result, many pundits predict higher levels of rental stress in Brisbane over the coming decade.
The good news is that the Queensland government has been relatively proactive in addressing the rental affordability problem, especially insofar as it affects people from low- to medium-income households. Eligible tenants can apply for bond loans and rental grants, as well as support under the National Rental Affordability Scheme. Recently, the Queensland government also initiated its first review in more than 40 years of the state’s tenancy laws. The process aims to modernise existing tenancy laws so that renters can, for example, own pets, hang up photos, and compel landlords to complete urgent repairs and upgrades.
Cost of living is a major issue for Brisbane residents and the number one determinant of where they choose to live. The June quarter consumer price index report found that the cost of living increased slightly, with the main culprits being more expensive automotive fuel (+7.4%), medical and hospital services (+2.7%) and tobacco (+2.7%).
A recent partnership between RACQ and Deloitte has resulted in reports on topics such as the cost of living in Queensland, the cost of entertainment, and the cost of health. They reveal that food costs an average household about $200 per week and entertainment about $160 a week. According to the price aggregation website Numbeo, one litre of milk in Brisbane is about $1.30; monthly utility costs (excluding internet) are $178.63; a movie ticket is $16, and a meal for two people at a mid-range restaurant is $75.00.
The inner-city area of Brisbane is broken up into twelve major areas (click the link for a helpful map), each with a unique vibe and that may (or may not) match your interests. For example, the West End is Brisbane’s edgy, bohemian district, where you’ll find alternative bookstores, organic produce, arts and crafts, and a lively migrant community. By contrast, Ascot and Hamilton, on the north bank of the Brisbane River, contain some of the city’s most prized real estate, including various heritage-listed properties constructed during Brisbane’s early history as a settlement.
Popular options for people moving alone to Brisbane include Fortitude Valley, New Farm, the West End, and South Bank. However, as noted in the previous section, all of these inner-city areas are becoming increasingly expensive, so it may be worth investigating properties within reach of the CBD via public transport, but far out enough to be more affordable. You can use the interactive map on this page to view housing affordability across Brisbane and refer to the suburb profiles here.
The question of where you should live in a new city (or the one you already call home) is not a trivial one: in fact, copious amounts of research has shown that where you live has marked an impact on measures of satisfaction, well-being, and mental health. The